What does LDPC mean?

What does LDPC mean? In information theory, a low-density parity-check (LDPC) code is a linear error correcting code, a method of transmitting a message over a noisy transmission channel.

What is LDPC in WIFI? LDPC is a forward-error-correction coding scheme used to ensure high coding reliability and increase coding gain. Invented in the early 1960s, the code can transmit messages through frequencies experiencing a great deal of background or data-corrupting noise.

What is LDPC coding in 5G? Low-Density Parity- Check (LDPC) codes are linear error-correcting codes. According to the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) TS 38.212, LDPC is recommended for the Fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) shared channels due to its high throughput, low latency, low decoding complexity and rate compatibility.

How does LDPC work? Decoding of LDPC Codes

If any bit is contained in more than a fixed number of unsatisfied parity equations, the value of that bit is reversed. Once the new values are obtained, parity equations are recomputed using the new values. The procedure is repeated until all the parity equations are satisfied.

What does LDPC mean? – Additional Questions

Is LDPC a systematic code?

LDPC are randomly generated and by nature, they are non-systematic codes.

Who invented LDPC?

Abstract: LDPC codes were invented in 1960 by R. Gallager. They were largely ignored until the discovery of turbo codes in 1993. Since then, LDPC codes have experienced a renaissance and are now one of the most intensely studied areas in coding.

What is Ldpc in SSD?

LDPC (Low Density Parity Check)

Gallagher, are powerful error correcting algorithms first proposed in the 1962 PhD thesis at MIT but have been gaining wide implementation only about 10 years ago. They are increasingly being used in the enterprise world for their ability to decode both soft-bit data and hard-bit data.

How does Reed Solomon code work?

Reed–Solomon codes are able to detect and correct multiple symbol errors. By adding t = n − k check symbols to the data, a Reed–Solomon code can detect (but not correct) any combination of up to t erroneous symbols, or locate and correct up to ⌊t/2⌋ erroneous symbols at unknown locations.

How do turbo codes work?

Turbo codes are a much more developed way of integrating information redundancy. They are based on the transmission of the initial message in three copies. The first copy is the raw, non-encoded information. The second is modified by encoding each bit of information using an algorithm shared by the coder and decoder.

What is base graph in LDPC?

LDCP Base Graph

Base Graph is a Matrix where each of the entries can be further expanded based on the expansion factor Zc. Base Graph 1 (BG1) : With Matrix size 46X68 entries –> For Large Transport Block.

Which channel coding is used for data in 5G?

To fulfill 5G communications requirements, we use LDPC and Polar codes for error correction. In 5G NR (New Radio) LDPC codes used for the data channel and control channel Polar Codes are used.

What is rate matching in 5G?

The rate-matching is to extract the exact set of bits to be transmitted within a given TTI. The rate-matching for Turbo coded transport channels is defined for each code block: there are three basic steps composing a rate-matching. Namely, sub-block interleaver, bit collection, and bit selection.

What is Polar code 5G?

5G polar codes, as a coding scheme for control, are designed to perform well with short block length while addressing a latency issue of successive cancellation decoding.

Is Polar Code mandatory?

IMO’s International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) is mandatory under both the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).

How does the Polar Code work?

In information theory, a polar code is a linear block error-correcting code. The code construction is based on a multiple recursive concatenation of a short kernel code which transforms the physical channel into virtual outer channels.

Where does the Polar Code apply?

The Polar Code covers the full range of design, construction, equipment, operational, training, search and rescue and environmental protection matters relevant to ships operating in the inhospitable waters surrounding the two poles. The Polar Code entered into force on 1 January 2017.

Is the Polar Code binding?

From a set of voluntary safety guidelines, the Code gradually developed into today’s sophisticated, legally binding catalogue of rules whose stated objective is not only to make shipping in polar waters safer, but also to mitigate its impacts on Arctic and Antarctic environments.

What is Polar Code Certificate?

The Polar Ship Certificate

This is a new statutory certificate issued by a vessel’s flag administration or its authorized representatives. The Certificate attests that the ship complies with the ship safety requirements in Part I-A of the Polar Code.

What is polar navigation?

[′pō·lər ‚nav·ə′gā·shən] (navigation) Navigation in polar regions, where unique considerations and techniques are applied; no definite limit for these regions is recognized, but polar navigation techniques are usually used from about latitude 70° to the nearest pole, north or south.

Which compass is used in polar region?

Use of Astro Compass. As the magnetic compass is not likely to be very reliable in polar regions, steering courses by directional gyro (D.G.), with frequent checks by the astro compass, appears to be the best method.

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